The history of comparative law can be traced all the way back to the 18th century in Europe. It is believed that Montesquieu was the founder of comparative law. This can be seen through several experts of his book ‘De l’esprit des Lois’. Then in 1861, Sir Henry Maine a British jurist and legal historian, began to outline his views on the development of legal institutions in primitive societies. His work was what placed comparative law into the historical context that had a wide impact on the judicial system.
Comparative law is the study of the differences and similarities that occur between the law of different countries. The purpose of comparative law is to gain a deeper knowledge of legal systems that are in use. It does this by specifically looking at the different legal systems across the world which include common law, civil law, socialist law, and many others. In some cases, it can involve the analysis of foreign legal systems.
Over the years, comparative law has been separated into several branches. These branches include constitutional law, administrative law, civil law, commercial law and criminal law. The comparative constitutional law area has grown in popularity over the last couple of decades. It focuses on the global spread of democratic government and the expansion of international human rights law.
Sujit Choudhry is a well-recognized authority when it comes to comparative constitutional law. He began his career at McGill University, and later attended the Unversity of Oxford where he was a Rhodes Scholar. Sujit received his Master of Law in 1998 at Harvard Law School. His extensive degrees allowed him to become professors at several colleges before he founded the Center for Constitutional Transitions in 2012.
He strives to combine a wide range of research with years of experience to deliver great service to his clients. Sujit currently acts as an advisor to the constitution building processes that are taking place in Egypt, Jordan, Libya, South Africa and other regions all around the world. He currently works as the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law at the University of California at Berkeley.
Check out Sujit’s books here: https://www.amazon.com/Books-Sujit-Choudhry/s?ie=UTF8&page=1&rh=n%3A283155%2Cp_27%3ASujit%20Choudhry